An overview and analysis of the juvenile justice system in the United States. History and the philosophies of society’s reaction to juvenile behavior and problems. Interaction among the police, judiciary, and corrections are examined within the context of cultural influences. Introduces theoretical perspectives of causation and control.
At the conclusion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Describe the history and evolution and define the terminology of the juvenile justice system in the United States.
2. Explain how the family, peers, schools, and the community can influence delinquent behavior.
3. Explain and discuss biological, sociological, psychological, and economic theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency.
4. Demonstrate an understanding of the complexity of the political and socioeconomic issues associated with the juvenile justice system in the United States.
5. Explain the similarities and differences between the juvenile and adult systems of justice in the United States.